Edward R. Murrow (1908-1965) was one of the key pioneers of the television news industry in the United States. Already nationally known for his radio reports from London during the Battle of Britain, Murrow was the first broadcast journalist to successively transition from radio broadcasting to the nascent television news industry.
The Museum of Broadcast Communications website also offers an excellent background on Murrow’s career: http://www.museum.tv/eotvsection.php?entrycode=murrowedwar
One interesting note in Murrow’s ascendancy to the top of the TV news world: He was not afraid to inject his own opinion into his reporting. Had he remained neutral, he would have never taken down Senator Joe McCarthy in 1954 and the Democracy could have remained in peril. For those who argue that injecting opinion into certain newscasts today is NOT journalism, they are disrespecting the legacy of Murrow.
An interesting clip about Murrow can be seen on this YouTube excerpt from a CBC documentary. Worth checking out:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FQQaX2h1plo&feature=related
To totally understand the history of the early days of CBS News, you should also look at biographies of:
William S. Paley, founder of CBS
Fred Friendly, producer of See It Now and a future president of CBS News
Don Hewitt, creator of 60 Minutes